Frank Hazell Fraser

M, #18607, b. 9 Dec 1869, d. 25 May 1955
Birth*9 Dec 1869 Hampstead, Middlesex, England, Dec Q [Hampstead] 1a 585 (mother TIMOTHY.)1,2 
Marriage*27 Jul 1895 Spouse: Florence Elene Amelia Coleman. Hendon, Middlesex, England, Sep Q [Hendon] 3a 262.3,1
Land-Note*5 Mar 1919 PAK-52 (part): Mortgagee: Harry Campbell Lock, John Henry Maddock and William Main. Mortgage No 388549. Discharged 19 Jun 1922. Mortgagor was Frank Hazell Fraser.4 
Land-Note19 Aug 1919 PAK-52 (part): Mortgagee: Annie Isabel Rentoul. Mortgae No 394037. Discharged 2 Jul 1923. Mortgagor was Frank Hazell Fraser.5 
Land-UBeac*17 Aug 1920 PAK-52 (part). Transfer from Frank Hazell Fraser to Florence Elene Amelia Fraser. 133a (originally 137a 27p.)6 
Land-UBeac*9 Dec 1921 PAK-52 (part). Transfer from Frank Hazell Fraser to State Rivers and Water Supply Commission. 7a 0r 28p.7 
Land-Note17 May 1922 PAK-52 (part): Red Ink No 2253836. By deed of arrangement James Alexander Connan of 31 Queen Street Melbourne, Public Accountant has been appointed trustee of the estate of Frank Hazel Fraser.8 
Death*25 May 1955 Lindfield, NSW, Australia, #D9465/1955 [par William John & Jane].1,9 

Electoral Rolls (Australia) and Census (UK/IRL)

DateAddressOccupation and other people at same address
192416 Bruce Street, Toorak, VIC, AustraliaOccupation: engineer. With Florence Elene Amelia Fraser.10
1936Plateau End, Tyron Road, Lindfield, VIC, AustraliaOccupation: retired. With Florence Elene Amelia Fraser.11


  • 21 Jul 1916, The Chambers Manufacturing Co. Prop. Ltd., 459-401 Swanston street, has been registered with a capital, of £20,000 in £1 shares. The first directors are Messrs. Frank Hazel Fraser, Henry Septimus Chambers, and Colin Templeton. One of the objects of the company is to acquire that portion of the business carried on by Cyclone Prop. Ltd., being the manufacture of cans and similar articles, the selling and hiring of plant for canning fruits, &c.12
  • 1 Feb 1922, TUESDAY FEBRUARY 7. At Half-past Three O'Clock. At the PUBLIC HALL, SCHOOL ROAD, OFFICER.
    MORTGAGEES' SALE - FARM and ORCHARD. Known as "The Pines," All that Piece of Land being Allotment 52 of the Parish of Pakenham, County of Mornington, and being the Land Described in Certificates of Title, Vol. 4189, Fol. 837,703, and Vol. 4116, Fol. 883,188, Comprising About 296 ACRES 1 ROOD 12 PERCHES, And W.B. BUNGALOW HOUSE, Iron Roof, Containing 4 Large Rooms and Bathroom, Front Verandah. Also W.B. COTTAGE, 5 Rooms and Conveniences. Extensive Outbuildings, Consisting of Milking Sheds, Stables, &c., &c. This Property Occupies a Fine Commanding Position, and is Within Easy Distance of the Officer Railway Station (About 2 Miles) Along Good Road, which Branches Northerly from Main Gippsland Road, and Adjoins the Well-known and High-class Orchards of Mr. Reed and Mr. Godfrey.
    There are About 20 Acres of Orchard and About 30 Acres of Cleared Paddocks Ready for Cultivation.
    The Property is Essentially a Farm and Orchard Proposition, and is so Beautifully Situated, Commanding Extensive Views, and with Numerous Buildings that would Make it a Profitable Country Paying Guest Establishment or a Rest Home for Nurses, &c. Can be Easily Subdivided.
    Titles Certificate. Solicitors, Messrs. Maddock, Jamieson, and Lonie, 130 Queen Street, Melbourne.
    MEMBREY and DEANE (J. G. Membrey, auctioneer), Lombard Buildings, 17 Queen street, Melbourne, have been instructed by the mortgagees to SELL as above.13


  1. [S80] Ancestry - Family Tree, Alistair Horn.
  2. [S332] UK - General Register Office Indexes.
  3. [S9] Free BMD. Index. Online @ "index as Florence Eliza A COLEMAN."
  4. [S185] Property Titles. ; PROV (Public Records Office Victoria), C/T 4189-703 - Harry Campbell Lock, John Henry Maddock and William Main. Mortgage No 388549. Discharged 19 Jun 1922.
  5. [S185] Property Titles. ; PROV (Public Records Office Victoria), C/T 4189-703 - Annie Isabel Rentoul. Mortgae No 394037. Discharged 2 Jul 1923.
  6. [S185] Property Titles. ; PROV (Public Records Office Victoria), C/T 4189-703 - Florence Elene Amelia Fraser of "Halstead" Bruce Street Toorak Married Woman - C/T 4416-188.
  7. [S185] Property Titles. ; PROV (Public Records Office Victoria), C/T 4189-703 - State Rivers and Water Supply Commission - C/T 4518-499.
  8. [S185] Property Titles. ; PROV (Public Records Office Victoria), C/T 4189-703 - Red Ink No 2253836. By deed of arrangement James Alexander Connan of 31 Queen Street Melbourne, Public Accountant has been appointed trustee of the estate of Frank Hazel Fraser.
  9. [S7] Registry of NSW Births Deaths and Marriages "FRASER FRANK HAZELL."
  10. [S124] Electoral Roll for Australia, 1924.
  11. [S136] Electoral Roll for Australia, 1936.
  12. [S11] Newspaper - Argus The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), Fri 21 Jul 1916, p4
  13. [S11] Newspaper - Argus The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), Wed 1 Feb 1922, p2.
Last Edited29 Apr 2019

William Edward Lowe

M, #18608, b. 1875, d. 14 Jul 1955
From illustrated Weekly Times article 3 Dec 1932.
Mr W. E. Lowe (Officer).
Father*Joseph Edward Lowe
Mother*Ellen Butcher
Note* George William Strachan Anderson George William Strachan Anderson (1889-1951) was the Chief Commissioner of the Boy Scouts Association, Victoria from 1937 until his death on 19 July 1951. GWS Anderson’s scouting career began in 1926 when he started a Troop at Malvern. In 1928 GWS Anderson, together with 4 others purchased the Malvern District Camp at Officer. The name was changed in 1952 to honour the exceptional service given to the Scouts by GWS Anderson and the high esteem they held for him.
The GWS Anderson Scout Park entrance is marked by the WE Lowe Memorial Gates.1 
Occupation* Sands was manager at W E Lowe's "Bellevue Orchard" Officer. 
Birth*1875 Hotham, VIC, Australia, #B24428/1875 [par Joseph Edward LOWE & Ellen BUTCHER].2 
Marriage*29 Apr 1905 Spouse: Isabella Hinde. Johannesburg, South Africa.3
Marriage-Notice*17 Jun 1905Marriages. LOWE— HINDE.— On April 29th by special licence, at St. Mary's Church of England, Johannesburg, William Edward, eldest son of the late Joseph Edward Lowe, of Mordialloc, to Isabel, youngest daughter of the late Richard Hinde, of Bendigo.4 
Land-UBeac*29 Dec 1913 PAK-145. Transfer from Norbert Albert Rubens to William Edward Lowe. 313a 3r 27p.5 
Land-UBeac*16 Jun 1915 PAK-145 (part) Lot 14. Transfer from William Edward Lowe to John Hooker Atkins. 18a 3r 16p.6 
Land-UBeac*3 Nov 1916 PAK-145 (part) Lot 20. Transfer from William Edward Lowe to William Dickie. 19a 2r 28p.7 
Land-UBeac*16 Jun 1920 PAK-145 (part) Lot 13. Transfer from William Edward Lowe to Bessie Holgate Lowe. 17a 0r 2p.8 
Land-UBeac*5 Jul 1920 PAK-145 (part) Lot 18. Transfer from William Edward Lowe to Richard Starling. 29a 2r 13p.9 
Land-Note*1929 PAK-145 (part): of 13 Princes Ave Caulfield, Contractor. 168a House, Lots 1-5.9- N165.10 
Land-UBeac*24 Jan 1938 PAK-52. Transfer from William Edward Lowe to George Frederick Tivendale. George Frederick Tivendale of Princes Highway Officer Storekeeper is now the proprietor.11 
Land-Note1940 PAK-145 (part): 120a allots Pt 11.15 to 17. House N180.12 
Land-UBeac*3 Sep 1948 PAK-145 (part) Lots 1-6. Transfer from William Edward Lowe to The Boy Scouts Association Victorian Branch. 49a 2r 17p.13 
Land-Note1950 PAK-145 (part): Frederick Lowe, Pakenham East, 80a Pt 145, sold 30.11.1950 to John & Isabella Fleming.12 
Death*14 Jul 1955 Malvern, VIC, Australia, #D7818/1955 (Age 81) [par Joseph Edward LOWE & Ellen TALBOT].14 
Death-Notice*15 Jul 1955LOWE.—On July 14, at a private hospital, William Edward, beloved husband of Isabella Lowe, beloved father of Edward, Leslie, Ronald, and Rupert.
LOWE.—The Funeral of the late WILLIAM EDWARD LOWE will leave Sleight's funeral home, St. Kilda road, Melbourne, THIS DAY (Friday), after a service commencing at 2.30 p.m., for the St. Kilda Cemetery.15 
Land-Note*4 May 1956 PAK-145 (part): Compulsory Acquisition - Transfer B123370 - C/T 8307-957.16 

Electoral Rolls (Australia) and Census (UK/IRL)

DateAddressOccupation and other people at same address
1914Princess Avenue, Caulfield, VIC, AustraliaOccupation: contractor. With Isabella Lowe.17
192213 Princess Avenue, Caulfield, VIC, AustraliaOccupation: garage proprietor. With Isabella Lowe.18


  • 18 Dec 1928, PERMANENT CAMP. Gift to Malvern Troops.
    Another district has secured a district camping ground. Owing to the generosity of Mr. W. E. Lowe, of Princess avenue, East Malvern, Scouts residing in Malvern have obtained a site for a district camp which is easily accessible to their homes. Mr. Lowe has given 16 acres of land for scouting purposes, and has enabled the district to purchase a further area of approximately 34 acres. The property is at Haunted Gully, Officer, and is beautifully placed among the hills. There is a splendid swimming pool, and the camp water supply will be drawn from the main of the Mornington and Frankston supply. The property is timbered, and is in every way ideal for scouting. The first camp will be held during the holidays, when three troops will be on the site.19
  • 4 Jun 1930, SCOUTS AND GUIDES. PUBLIC SCHOOL MASTERS AS LEADERS. Training as Scout Masters in England.
    The advantage which should accrue to the movement if those holding positions as masters at public schools became really interested in scouting has been realised in England, and they are now holding a series of training camps. At these they are trained in the aims aud ideals of scouting, and if they wish are trained to become scout masters. Many have already gone ahead from this grounding to lead troops in their schools.
    While in Melbourne there are comparatively few public schools, and therefore only a small number of masters, there is no doubt that, quite a number of the younger teachers could do valuable work for the community if they would take an interest in the scout movement. They are the masters who train those who, by virtue of their birth and education, should become the leaders in the community; thus this community should benefit to a great extent if the boys had bred in them not only the ideals of the public schools, but also the ideals of the even greater scout movement.
    At present a comparatively small number of these boys are brought into touch with the scouts, mainly because their time is so taken up with sport and other activities. If their teachers were members of the scout brotherhood they would exert its influence for good on the boys, who must become better citizens for the contact.
    Malvern Camping Ground.
    Already the Malvern district has obtained 55 acres of land at Officer, which will be used as a camping ground, and the work of laying out a playing field is in progress. It is later intended to fence the land and provide a head quarters and huts for scout masters, and scouts. Eighteen acres of the land has been given by Mr. W. E. Lowe, a local resident, and, to raise funds to carry on the rest of the work, a very successful bazaar was held in the Malvern town hall on Saturday, when the mayor of Malvern (Cr. G. Taylor) and Messrs. Linton, M.L.A., and Eager, M.L.C., were present.20
    The season for camping will soon be here and scouts are preparing for their Christmas period in the country under canvas. The annual camp is the great scouting activity of the year and every scout looks forward to it with great eagerness. It is recognised by scouting authorities that in camping lies the greatest opportunity for scouts to learn initiative and resourcefulness, to acquire powers of observation, to learn the useful art of cooking, to gain skill in pioneering, and to be instructed in the correct method of erecting and caring for tents and the proper precautionary measures in regard to hygiene and sanitation.
    The Malvern Boy Scouts' Local Association is an extremely active body fostering the movement in Malvern. It has at its president Mr. James Lock, with Cr. S. Hattam, Dr. W. A. Sanderson and Mr. E. I. Thompson as vice-presidents, Mr. D. H. McDonald as treasurer and Mr. V. Doughty as secretary. The District Commissioner is Mr. G. W. S. Anderson, the Deputy Chief Commissioner. The association realises the great value of camping and the necessity of having trained scoutmasters and cubmasters. It has decided that its first task will be the development of a district camping ground at Officer. An area of 55 acres is being acquired largely through the generosity of Mr. W. E. Lowe. This land is situate in an ideal scouting locality. It is served with water from the Frankston scheme, the main passing through the property and having been tapped at two points. There is a swimming pool and the land is nicely wooded. Wildflowers abound. An area has been cleared for a playing field and a section of the road formed. Mr. and Mrs. Lowe have planted shrubs and trees. Two massive gate posts in freestone have also been erected by Mr. Lowe at the entrance. Plans have been prepared for the first section of the chalet to be erected, and quotations are now being received. It is hoped that before the end of November this part of the building, which will consist of a hall 80 feet by 20 feet with large fireplace, will be completed. This building will facilitate the training of scouters and patrol leaders.21
    The Malvern Local Associations of the Girl Guides and Boy Scouts combined to hold a jolly dance in the Malvern Town Hall last Wednesday, June 3. This beautiful hall needs no decoration, so there was no attempt to drape walls or ceiling, but an additional decorative note was struck on the stage, which had been arranged with greenery and palms to represent a camp-fire scene.
    The successful arrangements were due to the energetic organising of the hon. secretaries, Mrs Milton Gray, who looked well in graceful black lace gown over which was worn a bridge coat, and Mr V. Doughty, with the aid of two committees. The Girl Guides' committee comprised Miss C. Brown, the District Commissioner, who was wearing a lace frock in a lovely burgundy shade; Mrs C. Dobbie, wearing black lace; Mrs D. H. McDonald, whose wine colored georgette frock had a prettily draped back; Mrs H. Ferlonger, who wore black, and Miss Fuller, who was in mauve taffetas dress. On the Boy Scouts' committee were Mr G. W. S. Anderson, the District Commissioner, Messrs W. E. Lowe, D. H. McDonald, P. A. Jacobs, J. Willox and E. Jones. The State secretary for Victoria, Mr F. Sanders, was also present.22
  • 24 Mar 1934, Gift Campaign Should Help Australian Apple Export Trade! ORGANISERS VISIT OFFICER.
    THE Herald and Weekly Times apple gift campaign offers great possibilities in extending the sale of Australian apples abroad. It follows a similar project to popularize Australian lambs in Great Britain, the success of which was shown by the fact that 10,000 carcases were sent from the Commonwealth under this scheme last year.
    The quality of the lambs was highly praised by the recipients, who should be effective advocates for the Australian article in future. Under the apple gift campaign Victoria has supplied 2750 cases and South Australia 1250. The Victorian shipment left by the Jervis Bay on Saturday. It would have been larger but for the inability to obtain shipping space, and it was only through the good graces of the exporting agents that the apples could be accommodated under cold storage conditions on the
    Jervis Bay.
    Orders have been taken for apples to be sent to any address in the United Kingdom and the Irish Free State, at a cost of 12/6 a case, paid by the consignor. A feature has been the number of requests for delivery to Edinburgh and Glasgow. The scheme has been handled in Victoria by a committee consisting of the secretary of the Department of Commerce (Mr E. J. Mulvany) as chairman; the Superintendent of Horticulture (Mr J. M. Ward); five exporters in Messrs J. B. Mills (chairman of the Australian Pear and Export Council), F. Cave, J. W. Barker, C. Parnham and A. S. Harrison; Mr H. J. Brady (Aberdeen and Commonwealth Shipping Line); and Mr J. P. Hogan (of The Herald and Weekly Times Ltd.)
    A London committee representative of the Australian exporters is attending to details in the Old Country. The work of this body will be to inspect the fruit upon arrival, make any necessary rejections for loss of quality during the long sea voyage, and arrange for despatch by rail to consignees in different parts. Each order is accompanied by an attractive brochure dealing with the apple industry in Australia, and particularly in Victoria. The Victorian portion of the consignment was drawn by the five exporting agents from one grower each in file Tyabb, Narre Warren, Officer, Garfield and Croydon districts.
    All the fruit was packed in the Canadian type of case, carefully wired, and bearing a striking label in the form of a cluster of Australian apples. The design was selected from a competition in which there were 700 entries. Every care was exercised to send sound fruit, care fully graded and packed, and free from arsenical residue.
    The export was confined to the Jonathan variety, in sizes of 2¼ to 2½ inches. Under the regulations of the Department, of Commerce this variety, for oversea shipment, must be from 2 to 2¾ inches. Exporters claim that one of the mistakes made by growers in the past has been the failure to realise the needs of Great Britain in fruit sizes.
    In the northern counties of England, and in Scotland and Ireland, they point out, the larger Jonathan is popular, while in the southern parts of the British Isles a strong preference is shown for smaller fruit.
    Market reports from Glasgow, for instance, often show that the 2¾ inch Jonathan has realised 4/ or 5/ a case more than the 2¼ inch. This phase of distribution has been carefully studied under the gift scheme.
    At the invitation of the committee I was present at the grading and packing of the Officer portion of the shipment, comprising 550 cases, last week. It was grown on the "Bellevue" orchard of Mr W. E. Lowe. Several visitors watched the operations with keen interest, and the general impression was that if all orchardists exercised the same care as Mr Lowe, there would be no room for complaint about the quality of Australian fruit in the oversea markets.
    The Superintendent of Horticulture (Mr Ward) was one who expressed this view. He stated that "Bellevue" was a consistently good brand. The visitors were entertained by Mr and Mrs Lowe at afternoon tea.
    This "Bellevue" property was acquired by Mr Lowe about 20 years ago. It had an area of 350 acres, and carried few improvements, but a fair growth of scrub and timber. Portion was sold to other orchardists and the Malvern troop of Boy Scouts. A gift of 20 acres to the latter body was also made. A fine chalet and swimming pool have been provided by the troop, which often camps and holds picnics there. Mr Lowe now has about 200 acres, of which 50 acres are under orchard. The land is undulating, consisting mostly of grey loam, interspersed with buck shot and a retentive clay subsoil. The owner has a suburban home at Caulfield, and divides his time between there and Officer, but has a capable orchard manager in Mr A. R. Sands.
    A carpenter by trade, Mr Lowe has erected a fine homestead, packing and grading shed and three cooling chambers with accommodation for 10,000 cases of fruit. These are operated under the direct expansion system. A dam has been excavated on the highest part of the property, and this is filled from a storage on the low land, which draws its supply in the overflow from the Beaconsfield reservoir.

    Codlin Moth Active
    The water is pumped to the dam on the high land, and the whole of the orchard can be irrigated by gravitation. This is a great convenience, but it is seldom availed of, except in the case of Yates apples. Up to 19,700 cases of apples have been produced in a season, but the latest crop is estimated at 12,000 cases, of which 4000 to 5000 will be exported. Mr Lowe did not fare so badly as many other growers with his export fruit last year. The codlin moth has been very active in the present crop, the recent hot weather having favored its development, and the percentage of windfalls in the Jonathan variety also has been much heavier than usual. Troubles of this kind, and premature ripening of the Jonathans are fairly general throughout the State. Officers of the horticultural branch of the Department of Agriculture point out that, in many instances, the larger Jonathan (up to 2¾ in.) is over-mature when taken from the trees.
    While very suitable for local consumption, much of this fruit would suffer from breakdown in an eight weeks' sea journey to England, and for this reason it is advised that orchardists should not export large fruit of this variety which has ripened earlier than usual.
    In some orchards, too, individual apples, just after picking, have shown temperatures of up to 100 deg. Fahr. The packing of apples for shipment when they show heat to this extent, it is emphasised, is very unwise, and the temperature should be considerable reduced before an attempt is made to export. Growers, therefore, should harvest Jonathans as soon as possible and put them into cold storage.
    A feature of "Bellevue" that appealed to me was the cultivation. The land between the trees (planted 20ft. apart) is very free from weeds and other growths, and has a nice mulch. Mr Sands has been associated with fruit-growing from boyhood. His first introduction to it was in the nursery business in West Australia, and he had experience in the industry in different districts throughout Victoria before he took over the management of this property nine years ago.
    Developing Bud Growth
    It is the practice to plough in winter, on the shallow side, up to the trees, and again in spring away from the trees, aiming at a deeper sod. From then on the springtooth cultivator is used once a fortnight to the middle of the harvest. "That is one of the best methods that I know of developing bud growth and providing nitrogen," says Mr Sands.
    "We had abundant evidence on that point in one small patch of Jonathan which was not cultivated. It produced very small fruit, and there was very little of it, too."
    Cultivation, combined with careful pruning and provision for cross-pollination, also is considered important in overcoming the drawback of alternate
    bearing, particularly in Delicious, which has a weakness in that direction. There are several trees of this variety which are carrying a very heavy crop, after having yielded well last year. "By relieving the tree of its load as quickly as possible, and cultivating well into the summer, you will strengthen it for the next crop," observes Mr Sands, "and this goes a long way toward avoiding alternate bearing."
    The only varieties grown now are the Jonathan, Yates. Granny Smith and Delicious. In the early stages King David was planted as a polleniser, but it is being changed over to Granny Smith under the strap grafting method. Manuring is carried out in August, the allowance for each tree being 4lb. super, 2lb. sulphate of ammonia, and 1lb. potash. The Yates variety is given an additional 1lb. sulphate of ammonia in December.
    Attacking Pests
    The spraying programme usually begins at bud burst, when lime sulphur, in the proportion of three gallons to 80 of water, is applied. A marked preference is shown for this solution over Bordeaux
    mixture, on the ground that besides keeping black spot in control, it is effecfive against red spider.
    Lime sulphur often is used up to Christmas, the allowance being reduced to 1½ or two gallons to 80 of water as the season advances or after the beginning of the arsenate of lead spray for codlin moth, at the calvx stage.
    The latter consists of 5lb. paste to 80 gallons of water, and it is put on to the trees about every seven days unit picking time. A spreader of ½lb. casein to each 80 gallons of water is used. It is generally admitted that weather conditions have been such recently that even the strictest attention to spraying has not sufficed completely to check the moth.
    An additional precaution adopted on "Bellevue" is the bandaging of trees, which is found decidedly helpful. Mr Sands advises that the bands should be examined every five days, or more frequently during heavy winds when large quantities of fruit drop to the ground.
    The codlin moth, he says, is on the fruit, and takes refuge in the bands. In the case of the Delicious variety, red oil in the proportion of three gallons to 80 of water, is used in July with the idea of promoting early blossoming, and thus having it synchronise with that of other varieties.
    There are four acres of pears. A preference is shown for Beurre Bosc and Packham's Triumph, both of which yield well. Mr Lowe was one of the first orchardists in Victoria to adopt the Canadian type of container, and he has large supplies on hand.
    By "TILLAGE"23
  • 14 May 1938, Pakenham And Officer Apple Growers Give Their Views On Manuring. MAJORITY FOR COMPLETE FERTILISER.
    By "TILLAGE"
    What is the best general manure for the apple crop? During a recent tour of inspection of orchards in the Pakenham, Upper Pakenham, and Officer districts, I put this question to several growers. All of them, however were not of the one mind.
    The majority favored the 2-2-1 fertiliser, comprising two parts each of super and sulphate of ammonia and one of potash. Few, though were prepared to assert definitely that it was the most satisfactory and profitable.
    SOME confessed that they were working "in the dark," and badly needed a lead such as could be provided by an experimental orchard in Southern Victoria. One man expressed the view that many thousands of pounds were being wasted annually by Victorian fruitgrowers owing to the use of wrong manures.
    The Department of Agriculture, by means of demonstration plots in different parts of the State, is furnishing orchardists with some knowledge on the subject. In most cases the plots have not been in operation sufficiently long for definite recommendations to be made. If the Government continues to provide the necessary funds, however, the stage eventually will be readied when a programme will be available for each part of the State.
    Various Combinations
    The demonstration plots in Gippsland are situated on the "Valley View" orchard at Upper Pakenham, and have been established two years. Some blocks of trees are being treated with sulphate of ammonia, others with complete manure (2-2-1), and a third section is unmanured. A time of application trial also is in progress. This phase of manuring has been found important at the Burnley horticultural gardens, and results of fertiliser distribution at different times, under commercial orchard conditions, should prove interesting.
    It has been ascertained in orcharding that the most active period of nutrient uptake is between root movement in the early spring, and the setting of the fruit, and this usually is the time when manures are put out in the Upper Pakenham trials the 2-2-1 mixture is to be applied at the following stages: — Pre-blossom, after first growth period, after main growth period, and with autumn ploughing.
    The practice has been adopted of sowing down alternate lands with cover crops immediately after the autumn break in the weather. This year's plots include combinations of oats and barley, and peas and beans, to permit of a comparison between cereals and legumes to be ploughed in for green manure. Super, and sulphate of ammonia have been applied to the lands not under crop, with the object of stimulating the growth of natural herbage. It would seem that green manuring is worthy of more attention in the district, notwithstanding the heavy growth of capeweed which is available under normal conditions. Mr J. J Ahern, who has 18 acres under apples, advocates peas or oats for this purpose, with about 120lb. of super an acre. Experience has not shown that one has a greater influence upon yields than the other.
    The only trouble with the crops in a year of liberal rainfall is that they grow rather high. It is sometimes necessary to run drag harrows or some other implement over them to permit the material to be turned under with a disc plough.
    Mr Ahern declares that green manuring is essential and only in a season of prolific natural growth can it be dispensed with. A spring dressing of 2-2-1, at the rate of 4 cwt. an acre, is favored. If there are indications of a heavy crop, and conditions are fairly dry, a small application of potash or sulphate of ammonia is given to impart size to the fruit.
    This is decidedly beneficial if there is a break in the weather soon after, or if irrigation facilities are available. In addition, as much poultry manure as can be obtained is used, but supplies are limited. From the spring ploughing to February all growth is suppressed by cultivation.
    Messrs D. C. and W M. Black, of the "Boniedah" orchard at Upper Pakenham, have been using the 2-2-1 mixture for a couple of years, but intend to revert to blood and bone. Their objection to the complete fertiliser is that, on the hill sides, with a heavy spring rain, it is washed out too quickly. Blood and bone is not immediately soluble, and only a very small percent age of it is leached out of the soil. They agree that 2-2-1 possibly would give better results applied as two dressings, but that would mean additional time and labor.
    While admitting that their explanation may not be correct, they point out that "the proof of the pudding is in the eating." Blood and bone has imparted better size to the fruit than 2-2-1. At times green crops are included in the manuring programme. A high value is placed upon poultry manure, and, if procurable, a couple of thousand bags
    will be distributed over the orchard of 50 acres this year.
    Mr T. J Fuller, of Pakenham, is a strong advocate of blood and bone, and his allowance of this fertiliser is 5 to 6 cwt an acre. Last year, by way of variation, he treated the orchard with super, and bone, but he considers that, for his soil, and the varieties which he is growing — Granny Smith, Jonathan and Yates — there is nothing to equal blood and bone. It is put on five to six weeks before blossoming, or much earlier than was the case at one time. Agricultural lime has been tried at the rate of half-a-ton an
    acre, but no outstanding results have been observed from its use.
    Another district orchardist, Mr J. A. Stuckbery, alternates market garden manure 2-2-1 as far as possible. He describes both as 'good,' but considers that 2-2-1 gives a better growth of to be ploughed under for green manure. Mr Stuckbery ploughs twice a year — in May and September — and states that this is the policy of all progressive fruit-growers.
    On his "Bellevue Park" property at Officer, near Pakenham. Mr W. E. Lowe employs 2-2-1 as his principal fertiliser. The distribution is fairly liberal, up to 9lb. a tree being used for Yates, with an average of 7lb. for other varieties. The manure is put on in late winter, just before bud-burst. At times the complete manure is supplemented with a distribution of sulphate of ammonia or potash. The latter was applied for the last crop with the object of providing a better class of foliage and improving the color of the
    fruit. It has been found, too, that varieties such as Granny Smith are not so subject to leaf scorch where they have received potash. Sulphate of ammonia is usually more helpful to Yates than to most other varieties, in that it imparts size to the fruit— often a difficulty in the Yates.
    Definite Knowledge Needed
    In a section of the orchard devoted to this variety tick beans have been tried, but the manager of the orchard (Mr A. B. Sands) states that green manure crops interfere with harvesting, especially in the case of Yates, which was still on the trees in June, when crops intended for the restoration of humus should have been sown. Ploughing was
    much later than usual over the orchard generally.
    Mr T. C. Whiteside, another Officer grower, advocates complete manure, which he mixes himself. It usually comprises two parts each of super, and sulphate of ammonia, and one part of potash. The allowance a tree varies from 5 to 9 lb. according to the variety and its situation in the orchard. Provision is made for irrigating part of the property from a catchment dam, and some of the Yates trees are among the best I have seen anywhere. From most of the 2½ acres under this variety, the average yield over the last three years has been eight cases a tree. Agricultural lime is spread every third year at the rate of 18 cwt. an here. This is largely with the object of correcting soil acidity. Mr Whiteside, however, confesses a lack of knowledge about lime. "In this, as in many other branches of the orchardist's work," he stated, "what a man learns one year he has to unlearn the next." Seasonal conditions, he added, play an important part in producing inconsistent results. Although crops are not sown for the purpose, the growth of green material for ploughing in is encouraged. At present there is a fine stand of capeweed between the trees, especially where the land has been irrigated.24
  • 11 Dec 1939, LOWE—KING.
    The wedding was celebrated on Saturday evening at Wesley College Chapel by the Rev. E. Nye of Pamela Lindsay, elder daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Henry E. King of Cairn Curran, Burke road East Malvern and Rupert Oliver (Dick), youngest son of Mr. and Mrs. William E. Lowe of Carinya, Princess avenue Caulfield and Bellevue, Officer.
    A white floral organdie frock trimmed with true lovers knots was worn by the bride who was attended by Misses Io Edwina King, Barbara Lawson and Valerie Dobbie. She wore her mother's Limerick lace veil. The bridesmaids wore floral organdie frocks and carried sheaves of lupins.
    Mr Edward Lowe was best man and Messrs. Ronald Lowe and Kenneth King were groomsmen. A wedding breakfast was held at Tudor Court Caulfield.25
  • 24 Oct 1944, APPLE, 2¼. Delicious and Red Statesman, 2½ Yates, 9/ case, delivered rail; cash with order. W. E. Lowe. Officer.26
  • 23 Nov 1944, APPLES. Yates, 2 1/8 in. only, clean and sound: 7/ case, cash with order; delivered rails. W. E. Lowe. Officer.27
  • 5 May 1945, EMERALD WEDDINGS. LOWE.— Mr and Mrs W. E. Lowe have the pleasure of announcing the 40th Anniversary of their wedding, April 29, 1905, at St. Mary's Cathedral, Johannesburg, South Africa, by the vicar, the Rev. John Darragh. Present address, 13 Princes Av., E. Caulfield.28
    Die Casters Ltd., one of the largest engineering firms in Melbourne, has an orchard of 45 acres at Officer, where it sends employees for changes of vocation. While there they pick apples, help with spraying, cultivitation, tractor driving, and other orchard work, later returning to their indoor jobs rejuvenated.
    MORE than 100 men have taken advantage of the scheme since it was instituted about a year ago. Many are now just as enthusiastic about orcharding as they are about engineering and other work in the factory.
    It is one of the many ideas introduced by Mr R. W. Newton, managing director of the firm, to ensure contentment among his staff and to advance the mechanisation of orcharding and other branches of primary production.
    Officer is 31 miles from Melbourne. The orchard, which, for many years, has been regarded as the best in that district, was acquired from Mr. W. E. Lowe. The supervisor, Mr. J. E. Bain, has the help of four experienced orchard hands with whom the men from Die Casters work while they are at Officer. Quarters have been built for 20. These are served by electric light. Two men share each bedroom, and there is a community bathroom with hot water. Change Beneficial
    MEALS are provided at the supervisor's home, where a cook is employed, and the aim is to create a homely atmosphere as far as possible. The chief recreation is billiards, a foil-sized table having been installed. The men are brought on to the property by motor truck at the beginning of the week, and are provided with transport to return home at the end of their stay. While there they are paid their normal factory wages, and in addition get free board and lodging.
    Their general attitude towards the scheme was probably expressed by Mr. O. Buttner, a Die Caster employee selected at random from among those on the orchard during my visit. He had been there for five weeks. This period, he said, was longer than usual, but it had been the apple harvest, and he wanted to see that job through.
    Mr. Buttner has been employed at the factory as a storeman for 14 years. Hie change, he said, had been beneficial to him, and had altered his outlook in many ways. He would return to the factory feeling much better physically as a result of the outdoor work.
    The orchard has many features, of which one of the most interesting is an underground spraying system. Water is pumped from a lagoon to a storage near the spray tanks, of which there are two each with a capacity of 1000 gallons. About four miles of piping have been put down to take the spraying material over the property. These are laid along every fifth row.
    The pipes range from 1½ in. diameter at the main to ¾ in. along the rows and ½ in. where they come out of the ground to be attached to rubber hoses. About 25 trees can be sprayed from each tap. With a diesel engine a pressure of 375. lb. to the square inch is maintained.
    Under this system the 45 acres can be sprayed by eight men in 20 hours. Among the many advantages offered is that all trees can be treated at the right stage for codlin moth and black spot, and the work is done thoroughly. There is not a horse on the property and all cultivation and other work is done by tractor power. A new idea in implements has been introduced in the form of a hydraulic lift plough, of three furrows. This is claimed to save time on the headlands, where it can be reversed with a minimum of trouble. The orchard is manured in spring with blood and super, preceded by a light application of nitrate of soda. In addition, peas are sown for green manure as soon as the crop is off.
    In cultivation for the pea crop this year as much green material was turned in during the late autumn as would normally be available in spring. If the peas make reasonable growth the soil should be well charged with humus for the next apple crop.
    An extensive system of under ground pipes throughout the orchard gives good drainage. If necessary the trees can be irrigated. The water is pumped to a high point and is then reticulated along each row through pipes, with rubber noses attached. The scheme is so designed that each tree receives at the rate of 16 gallons an hour, which is the normal absorbing capacity of the soil without any run-off or washing away of the surface. Irrigation for each section extends over 10 hours, and by timing in this way shifting of the pipes is reduced to a minimum.
    Most of the orchard is planted for cross-pollination on the basis of two rows of the variety to one of the polleniser. Jonathan, Delicious, Statesman, Granny Smith and Yates are grown, and this season's crop was exceptionally good. Many of the trees carried so much fruit that the limbs had to be supported with wire. Mechanisation has been introduced even for harvesting. A convoy of five trailers, drawn by a tractor, will accommodate up to 100 cases of fruit. Much handling is saved, and the apples go direct to the cool store on the property, which has a capacity of 11,000 cases. This season gas storage is being tried with 2500 cases; and the results will be awaited with interest. As pointed out by Mr. Newton, many of the findings of the company in its factory are being given a practical application on the orchard. If these are successful not only the firm, but the fruit growing industry generally, will benefit.
    By GEO. BAULCH29


  1. [S50] Miscellaneous Source,…
  2. [S26] Victorian Government. BDM Index Victoria (Births) (online).
  3. [S5] Registry of Births Deaths and Marriages Death Index Victoria 1921-1985.
  4. [S14] Newspaper - Brighton Southern Cross (Vic. : 1896 - 1918), Sat 17 Jun 1905, p3
  5. [S185] Property Titles. ; PROV (Public Records Office Victoria), C/T 1949-739 - William Edward Lowe of 13 Princes Avenue Caulfield Builder.
  6. [S185] Property Titles. ; PROV (Public Records Office Victoria), C/T 1949-739 - John Hooker Atkins - C/T 3893-474 (Transfer 777622).
  7. [S185] Property Titles. ; PROV (Public Records Office Victoria), C/T 1949-739 - William Dickie - C/T 4005-853 (Transfer 814270).
  8. [S185] Property Titles. ; PROV (Public Records Office Victoria), C/T 1949-739 - Bessie Holgate Lowe - C/T 4334-777 (Transfer 946057).
  9. [S185] Property Titles. ; PROV (Public Records Office Victoria), C/T 1949-739 - Richard Starling - C/T 4345-919 (Transfer 949612).
  10. [S66] Berwick Shire Rates, 1870-1965 1929.
  11. [S185] Property Titles. ; PROV (Public Records Office Victoria), C/T 5570-981 - George Frederick Tivendale of Princes Highway Officer Storekeeper is now the proprietor.
  12. [S66] Berwick Shire Rates, 1870-1965.
  13. [S185] Property Titles. ; PROV (Public Records Office Victoria), C/T 1949-739 - The Boy Scouts Association Victorian Branch - C/T 7185-871 - (Transfer 2162418).
  14. [S28] Victorian Government. BDM Index Victoria (Deaths) (online) "born Melbourne."
  15. [S11] Newspaper - Argus The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), Fri 15 Jul 1955, p17
  16. [S185] Property Titles. ; PROV (Public Records Office Victoria), C/T 1949-739 - C/T 8307-957.
  17. [S114] Electoral Roll for Australia, 1914.
  18. [S122] Electoral Roll for Australia, 1922.
  19. [S11] Newspaper - Argus The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), Tue 18 Dec 1928, p14
  20. [S16] Newspaper - The Age The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954), Wed 4 Jun 1930, p18
  21. [S14] Newspaper - Malvern Standard (Vic. : 1906 - 1931), Thu 23 Oct 1930, p2
  22. [S14] Newspaper - Table Talk (Melbourne, Vic. : 1885 - 1939), Thu 11 Jun 1931, p43
  23. [S14] Newspaper - Weekly Times (Melbourne, Vic. : 1869 - 1954), Sat 24 Mar 1934, p48
  24. [S14] Newspaper - Weekly Times (Melbourne, Vic. : 1869 - 1954), Sat 14 May 1938, p26
  25. [S11] Newspaper - Argus The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), Mon 11 Dec 1939, p7
  26. [S16] Newspaper - The Age The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954), Tue 24 Oct 1944, p7
  27. [S16] Newspaper - The Age The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954), Thu 23 Nov 1944, p7
  28. [S14] Newspaper - The Herald (Melbourne, Vic. : 1861 - 1954), Sat 5 May 1945, p4
  29. [S14] Newspaper - Weekly Times (Melbourne, Vic. : 1869 - 1954), Wed 19 Jun 1946, p11
    Illustrated: Caption Apples are transported from orchard to cool store on Die Casters property at Pakenham by means of trailers, drawn by a tractor. Up to five trailers are used, with accommodation for 100 cases.
Last Edited5 May 2019

Yvonne Joyce Donaldson1

F, #18622, b. 31 Jul 1928, d. 26 Oct 2008
Father*Edgar John Donaldson1 b. 10 Feb 1901, d. 27 May 1972
Mother*Ivy Lydia Martin1 b. 5 Aug 1906, d. 5 Aug 1981
Probate (Will)* 1311853 BEER YVONNE JOYCE Aspendale PENSIONER.2 
Birth*31 Jul 1928 Rushworth, VIC, Australia.1,3 
Death*26 Oct 2008 VIC, Australia.1 
Death-Notice*10 Nov 2008BEER (Donaldson). - Yvonne Joyce. Passed away suddenly. Sister of John and Robert. "Don't cry because it's over, smile because it happened." Privately Cremated.4 


  1. [S80] Ancestry - Family Tree, heatherrogers13.
  2. [S35] Probate Records, PROV (Public Records Office Victoria), VPRS 28/ P40 unit 19, item 1311853.
  3. [S25] School Records - Beaconsfield North 2560: School Roll states birth date - started school at UB 18 Aug 1936 - left 28 Jul 1939.
  4. [S13] Newspaper - Herald Sun "10 Nov 2008 - viewed online 25 Sep 2017."
Last Edited8 Nov 2018

Alwyn John Donaldson

M, #18623, b. 17 Jan 1930, d. 24 Jun 2013
Father*Edgar John Donaldson b. 10 Feb 1901, d. 27 May 1972
Mother*Ivy Lydia Martin b. 5 Aug 1906, d. 5 Aug 1981
Birth*17 Jan 1930 VIC, Australia.1,2 
Death*24 Jun 2013 Frankston, VIC, Australia. 
Death-Notice*27 Jun 2013DONALDSON. - Alwyn John. 17.1.1930 - 24.6.2013 Of Seaford Victoria Formerly of Morwell Peacefully at Frankston after a brief illness. Son of Edward and Ivy (both dec.), brother of Yvonne (dec.) and Bob, brother-in-law of Sylvie. Ex-husband of Gwen and father of Julie, Robert and Murray. Remembered by his extended family and friend Beatrice and family. Rest in Peace.3 


  1. [S25] School Records - Beaconsfield North 2560: School Roll states birth date - started school at UB 18 Aug 1936 - left 28 Jul 1939.
  2. [S25] School Records - Beaconsfield North 2560: returned to school 22 Feb 1943 - Parent John E Donaldson, hotelkeeper, previously 33 Cloverdale Road, Geln Iris, now Upper Beaconsfield, previously at school Ashburton - left for "at home (ret'd)" 17 Dec 1943.
  3. [S13] Newspaper - Herald Sun "27 Jun 2013 - viewed online 25 Sep 2017."
Last Edited1 Dec 2018


Many family sections show only the children who were associated with Upper Beaconsfield.